Takayama’s Hida Folk Village

If you read this blog at all regularly, you’ll know that I particularly enjoy visiting historic buildings, the more authentic the better. That’s why one of my goals in visiting Takayama, Japan, was to see the Hida Folk Village just outside town.

a pond, with a few houses and a mill next to it, at Hida Folk Village

I took this panorama photo just inside the entrance to Hida Folk Village.

The Hida region around Takayama is mountainous, so the traditional buildings generally have thatched or shingle roofs, peaked steeply so snow won’t build up too much. In the 1970’s the region was modernizing rapidly and traditional houses were disappearing. More than 30 of these Hida traditional houses have been moved to form this open-air museum in Takayama.

Set in the foothills, surrounded by forest, it’s easy to imagine this as a living village. Visitors can choose a wheelchair-accessible 15-minute route, a short 30-minute route, a one-hour route, or add a climb up the mountain to see some castle ruins, if they have more time and energy. I chose the one-hour route and thoroughly enjoyed poking around these beautifully-preserved houses.

From the western part of the Hida region, this house was built in 1797.

From the western part of the Hida region, this house was built in 1797.

Most of them were originally farmhouses, but ranged from very basic to more highly-decorated and polished, and they are set up so that visitors can see how each room was used. A small hearth set into the floor in the middle of each living space offered warmth, and the museum keeps some wood burning in each home so that we can more clearly imagine how the home must have smelled.

a typical open hearth in the middle of a room, in Takayama

a typical open hearth in the middle of a room

The ceilings are generally low, except on upper floors, and most the floors are made of polished wood planks, sometimes covered with tatami mats, sometimes bare. As is traditional to this day in Japan, I was expected to take off my shoes on entering each house. In this Takayama museum, I was happy to do so: the old wood I walked on seemed to have personality of its own. I felt the patina with my bare feet, felt the boards that bent under my weight, and heard them creaking with age.

front exterior of a house in Hida Folk Village in Takayama, Japan

This 1809 house comes from the south of the Hida region, where there was less snowfall, which is why it has an exterior corridor.

In general, the houses are unfurnished, though here and there various implements are on display: farm tools or equipment for crafts such as weaving or raising silkworms. In any case, historically they wouldn’t have been furnished in a Western sense: tatami mats on the floor; futons, which would be rolled up and put away during the day; cushions to sit on; and perhaps a low table or two would have been all the furnishings. Every house, though, had an altar, usually in a built-in cupboard, some more ornate than others.

a ornate altar in a house in Hida Folk Village in Takayama, Japan

the altar in a wealthier farmer’s house, built sometime in the Meiji period (1868-1912)

Part of the goal of this open-air museum is to preserve cultural traditions as well as buildings. In one of the houses an old man worked, weaving straw into sandals. In another, a woman operated a loom. In another, a woman sewed small dolls. Each one greeted me as I entered, but then went quietly back to work. For a price, any craft that was being demonstrated could also be tried out, which would make it a fun museum for children.

a woman operating a loom in one of the houses in Hida Folk Village, Takayama, Japan

a woman operating a loom

While most of the buildings were farmhouses, I also visited a mill building, a temple, and various small outbuildings and storehouses, all saved from destruction or deterioration in the surrounding region. It took me distinctly more than the suggested hour—I would guess about two hours or more—because I was so busy soaking in the atmosphere of the place. That feeling was enhanced by the fact that, while there were other visitors, there were no tour groups with loudspeakers to amplify the tour guide’s voice or generally disturb the peace.

a row of six stone statues, each wearing a red cloth as a sort of bib, in the Hida Folk Village in Takayama, Japan

According to a sign nearby, these are the Rokujizou, each responsible for the Six Paths of Transmigration in Buddhism: Hell, Hunger, Beasts, Carnage, Humans and Heaven. These statues were made in about 1740 and people worshipped them to be saved from suffering and disasters.

It must not be a very popular or well-known place to visit, compared to other sites in Takayama. This museum deserves more attention, but I was glad for its obscurity when I visited.

Do you enjoy open air museums like this as much as I do? Can you recommend any? Add a comment below!


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